Estudios Latinoamericanos vol. 19 (1999)



La necesaria redimensión curricular del Régimen Intercultural Bilingue
Carlos Sánchez

Abstract/short description

Educación Intercultural Bilingüe (Intercultural Bilingual Education) is a term describing a model of education that can be applied in all societies where two or more cultures and/or languages co-exist. Its aim is to maintain such co-existence and prevent dominancy of one culture or language through adoption of promoting bilingualism and bi-literacy. Such models of education have been adopted by a number of education institutions in Latin American states. Sánchez's article presents a critical evaluation of the model. He presents a number of suggestions on how to improve the functioning of the model.


Los yanomami ante su destino
Jacques Lizot

Article translated from the French to Spanish by Carlos Sánchez.


Situación socio-cultural de los Cofanes en el Ecuador de hoy. Relación de unas investigaciones de campo
Alicja Pasek

Abstract/short description

This paper is based on ethnological field research done within the indigenous group of Cofán in the East Ecuador. Their geographic setting is introduced in the beginning. Later observations on health problems, relations with official administration, modes of subsistence, and knowledge of Spanish language are described. Pasek presents a historical outline of this group's relations with others and discusses the social changes and related problems that were observed.

Short description written by Michal Gilewski


El papel del turismo en funcionamiento de las comunidades rurales en Ecuador
Maria Skoczek

Abstract/short description

The decade of 1990's was a time of great development of tourism in Ecuador – during this period tourism has become a key part of the economy. Following this, the Ministry of Tourism was created in 1992. The most important is a very big influx of foreigner tourists - in 1996 Ecuador was visited by half a million tourists. This great number was the result of varied attractions being available, from beach resorts to natural parks and countryside. Skoczek suggests that the rise in the number of visitors comes especially from the interest in the latter. She describes the development of ecotourism in Ecuador and its influence on rural communities.

Short description written by Michal Gilewski


La "Piedra del Sol" y la relectura de los mitos cosmogónicos
Elżbieta Siarkiewicz

Abstract/ short description:

The article describes the famous monument called "Piedra del Sol" (Aztec Calendar). It was found in 1790 during construction works in the main square of Mexico, D.F. Since then the monument has captured the attention of many scholars. Siarkiewicz revisits the symbolic meanings of the monument. She relates the symbols to famous the "Leyenda de los soles" mentioned in the colonial literature and archaeo-astronomical reconstructions of ancient Mexican calendar systems.

Short description written by Michal Gilewski


Hierogamy in the Aztec Ritual
Justyna Olko

"It is generally known that hierogamy or the ritual of sacred marriage was present in some cultures of the Old World. There, its most basic meaning was to regenerate vegetation and thus ensure fertility and abundance for the community. Little attention has been paid to the subject in Mesoamerican studies and, although we possess a considerable body of knowledge on Aztec feasts and ritual, none of the rites described in the sixteenth century sources or extant in the codices has been labeled by scholars as hierogamy. The aim of this paper is to show that what we deal with in Mesoamerica isalso a kind of hierogamy, which l understand as marriage between two gods or their earthly representatives, often accompanied by ritual sexual intercourse, usually of a special purpose and of religious significance."

Fragment taken from introduction.


Cahuachi musical. Característica morfológica de las antaras Nazca
Anna Gruszczyńska-Ziółkowska

Short description:

As result of archaeological investigations in different sites attributed to the Nasca culture, numerous musical instruments have been recovered. The Cahuachi site, which spans over 24 square kilometers, was an especially important event in musical archeology. The archaeo-musicological investigations done on the material from this site reveal a great diversity of types and forms of the most common music instrument: Pan's flute. The text tries to classify this abundant material.


Tumba no. 7 del sitio Maucallacta (Departamento Arequipa, Perú). Resultados preliminares de los trabajos del Proyecto Arqueológico Condesuyos (temporada 1997)
Janusz Włoszyn

Abstract/short description:

The text reports the results of archaeological investigations done at the Maucallacta site in the province of Arequipa, Peru. The site was a ceremonial center from the Inca period dedicated to the cult of the volcano Coropuna. This article reports on the excavations in the area designated as Tumba (tomb) no. 7. It summarizes the registered cultural material.

Short description by Michał Gilewski


El léxico de la artesanía popular y la civilización material tarasca y mixteca
Zygmunt Wojski

The article is a short analysis of the remaining use of Tarascan and Mixtecan vocabularies. Words from the catalogues of the Ethnographic Department of the Museo Nacional de Antropología e Historia de la Ciudad de México were tested against livingspeakers of indigenous languages.


Who Remembers the People of Fireland? Reflections Inspired by Martin Gusinde's Manuscript Remains. A Contribution to the Study of Linguistic Extermination. Review Article
Piotr Klafkowski

The text indexes the documentation left by Martin Gusinde who visited southern Chile in the 1920's and during his stay wrote a number of manuscripts on the indigenous people of Tierra del Fuego.


En memoria de Yuri Knorozov
Galina Yershova