Estudios Latinoamericanos vol. 16 (1995)

CARÁTULAS

Nota del editor

 

Minimonografías

Los Reyes de Thiya Wanaku en las tradiciones orales del siglo XVI y XVII
Jan Szemiński

 Abstract/Short description

Only very limited historic information about the Tiahuanaco is known, as Andean oral traditions very rarely mention this political organism. This mini-monograph is an overview of six 16th and 17th century colonial sources that recorded oral traditions referring to the Tiahuanaco. Szemiński extracts information from those various sources and compares the different accounts of the Tiahuanaco.

Short description written by Michał Gilewski

 

Artículos y estudios

Variabilidad política de ta tradición narrativa incaica
Marcin Mróz

Abstract/short description:

Marcin Mróz analyses the accounts of Inca history in chronicles of Juan Betanzos Pedro Cieza de León and others. His study suggests that there were significant differences in the accounts of past wars, royal lineages and marriages that relate to political partitions. Apparently the supporters and relatives of Ataw Wallpa, Manku Inka and Waskar, who were rivals to the Inca's throne, had used slightly different versions of their history. Each of those versions appears to include slightly different characters and gives a slightly different description of events. This was probably a result of different rulers' preferences toward one of the heirs to the Inca sovereign.

Short description written by Michal Gilewski

 

La República Aymara de Laureano Machaka
Pedro Portugal

Abstract/short description:

The article tries to analyze an incident from the 1950s in Bolivia. In June 1956, an Aymara peasant and activist named Laureano Machaka with a group of followers announced the creation of Aymara Republic in the Camacho Province. This took place in a period of significant turmoil in Bolivia, when political infighting between right- and left-wing groups has led to total disorder in La Paz. The creation of the Aymara Republic can be related to the rise of the peasant and Aymara movements. The Republic's existence was cut short, as Laureano Machaka was killed later in the same year.

Short description written by Michał Gilewski

 

Los falansterios de la pampa. Dos utopías agrarias en el campo argentino en la década de 1910
Marcelo G. Posada

Abstract/short description:

A great influx of settlers and rising demand for agricultural products on the world market before the First World War led to great development of agriculture on the Argentinian pampa. Such rapid advances also inspired some thinkers to postulate connecting agricultural work with certain ideas. According to Posada two books written in 1915 by Godofredo Daireaux and Roberto Campolieti can be regarded as local, "pampean" equivalents of utopian socialism.

Short description written by Michał Gilewski

 

Los criterios de inclusión-exclusión en el menemismo
María de los Ángeles Yannuzzi

Abstract/short description:

Description in progress

Short description written by Michał Gilewski

 

Governabilidade e descentralizacao.
Ladislau Dowbor

The article relates to the problems of economic development in Brazil.

 

Food as a Nonverbal Communication System
Joan M. Faver, Joseph M. Ferri, Alma Simounet de Géigel, Amalia Boero de Peters

Abstract/short description:

This study presents a cross-region comparison of the food cultures of Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic and United States of America. The food is here conceptualized as a non-verbal communication system and Barthes' structural model is used for its analysis and comparison. The authors observe that food can indicate social status, religion, gender, age and geographical origins. Also, they observe that in the regions where different cultures are in contact, their cuisines can often mix with each other.

Short description written by Michał Gilewski