Estudios Latinoamericanos vol. 10 (1985-1986)

CARÁTULAS

 
Artículos y estudios

Ometéotl — concepción de la deidad suprema en el México prehispánico

    Andrzej Wierciński (Varsovia)

Abstract/description:

The article describes Ometéotl as the central symbol of the Mexican religion. The article follows an etymological analysis of the words "ome" - two and "teotl" – god. According to Wierciński this relates to a universally observed primary principle of dualism and dichotomies that constituted a reference point to ideologies of the early societies. This is followed by a discussion of different aspects of this deity. Analogies to different regions of the world like Egypt and China are described. In the end, Wierciński expresses his opinion that some of characteristics of Mesoamerican deities suggest a presence of tendency towards monotheism in the pre-Columbian period.

English abstract/description written by Michał Gilewski

 

La visión del futuro del Perú en la «Nueva Corónica y Buen Gobierno» de Felipe Guarnan Poma de Ayala

   Maria Mróz (Varsovia)

Abstract/description:

"Nueva Corónica y Buen Gobierno" by Felipe Guarnan Poma de Ayala is not only a chronicle dedicated to the description of the grandeur of the Andean pre-Columbian societies and denouncing the abuses of the Spanish invaders. The "Nueva Corónica" also proposes a new socio-political model for Peru which is the subject of the article. Such proposals have a distinctly Andean background, as the proposed changes relate to Andean ideals. There is however an important European element: it is proposed that in the future Peru should follow the Christian religion. According to Marta Mróz, the proposal was primary another manifestation of Guarnan Poma's rejection of the Spanish conquest.

English abstract/description written by Michał Gilewski

 

Producción artesanal en el Tawantinsuyu

   Mirosław Zasada (Varsovia)

Abstract/description:

The paper describes the social and economic situation of the artisans in the Inca Empire (Tahuantisuyu). The study uses both historic linguistic and modern sources. Most of the artisan production took place within 3 different social groups: the conquered people, the peasants and the artisans from the coast. All artisans had to pay a tribute to the Inca authorities. Zasada's article also describes the different types of artisan and craft production.

English abstract/description written by Michał Gilewski

 

La imagen de la nación, nacionalismo, peruanidad en el Perú a cien años de su independencia

   Małgorzata Nalewajko (Varsovia)

Abstract/description:

The article describes how the concepts of nation, nationalism and Peruvian identity functioned in the 1920's after a 100 years of Peruvian independence. In this period newly emerged political groups and members of the intelligence started to discuss their varying concepts of national identity. Many intellectuals had conflicting ideas and engaged in a number of debates. However, it appears that the image of these ideas was not fully understood by the masses. An important factor was the fact that the majority of the population at the time did have its own indigenous culture and identity.

English abstract/description written by Michał Gilewski

 

Empresas europeas y Chile en la época de la Gran Depresión, 1930-1933

   Ryszard Stemplowski (Varsovia)

Abstract/description:

The article is a printed version of a speech that was presented at the 6th meeting of European Latin American Historians (Stockholm 1981). The article is mostly a presentation of macroeconomic data about the Foreign Investment and Foreign owned companies in Chile 1930-1933. The majority of foreign capital based companies were active in the sulfur and oil industries, as well as banking and retail. In the period from June to September the Socialist Republic of Chile existed. The article discusses the issue of the economic policies of the government of Chile and the governments of European countries policies that influenced foreign owned businesses in Chile.

English abstract/description written by Michał Gilewski

 

Hacia la codificación del asilo diplomático en el derecho internacional

   Leszek Sosnowski (Cracovia)

Abstract/description:

Diplomatic asylum is a kind of asylum that is granted on the ground belonging to a diplomatic mission. The Latin American countries have a number of legal regulations regarding this kind of asylum. According to Sosnowski not many other countries do have the institution of diplomatic asylum codified. The legal basis for such asylum was set by conventions in Havana (1928), Montevideo (1939) and Caracas (1954). The existence of such regulations can be related to the legal recognition of "urgent" cases of persecution. The above mentioned legal acts also describe who can qualify for such asylum.

English abstract/description written by Michał Gilewski

 

Polonia y América Latina

Los colonos eslavos del Nordeste argentino (1897-1938)

    Ryszard Stemplowski (Varsovia)

 

Problemas - Discusiones - Polémicas

Sobre el pensamiento y praxis política, de José Carlos Mariátegui, de manera polémica
    Henryk Szlajfer (Varsovia)
 
    

Reseñas

    Jan Szemiński: Los objetivos de los Tupamaristas. Las concepciones de los revolucionarios peruanos de los años 1780-1783

    (2 reseñas: M. Mróz y M. Kula)

    Historia da comunidade polaca na América Latina

    (A. Brożek — Cracovia)

    La actividad de las congregaciones de religiosos entre los emigrantes polacos

    (T. Miłkowski —  Varsovia)

    Bogdan Piotrowski: Infierno poético de Polonia (Antología de 27 poetas contemporáneos, 1942-1981)

    (A. Elbanowski —  Varsovia)

    Notas bibliográficas

    Bibliografía

 

Miscelánea

    Informe sobre la sesión científica de conmemoración del bicentenario de Simón Bolívar celebrada el 28 de octubre de 1983 en la Sala del Senado de la Universidad de Varsovia

    (Małgorzata Grabowska)

La Comisión Andina y sus actividades

    (Andrzej Krzanowski)

Aspectos culturales y médicos del coqueo

    (Zdzisław Ryn)