Estudios Latinoamericanos vol. 8 (1981)

CARÁTULAS

 
Artículos y estudios

José María Arguedas como representante de la cultura quechua - análisis de la novela «El zorro de arriba y el zorro de abajo»

    Marcin Mróz (Varsovia)

José María Arguedas was an important Peruvian writer. His last novel "El zorro de arriba y el zorro de abajo" The Fox from Up Above and the Fox from Down Below) relates the stories of the lives of the people called Chimbote. The main focus is on the changes of the traditional lifestyle that accompanied the development of this Peruvian town: thanks to the fishing boom large numbers of migrants, of different social and ethnic backgrounds relocated here. Mróz analyses the themes influenced by the indigenous Quechua culture in the novel. According to Mróz the Quechua culture is centrally and deeply present in the novel in three different aspects: linguistics, the way the world is portrayed, and the image and future of the society.

 

La formación del Partido Revolucionario de los Trabajadores de Argentina, 1963-1972

    Zbigniew Marcin Kowalewski (Łódź)

The 60's in Argentina saw the rise of armed political left-wing groups. According to Kowalewski's article they were a response to the state monopoly on violence. One of the leading forces was the Revolutionary Workers Party – Partido Revolucionario de los Trabajadores. The article summarizes the origins of the movements and the backgrounds of its leader Mario Roberto Santucho. Kowalewski also writes about the transformation of Frente Revolucionario Indoamericano Popular and Palabra Obrera, two organisations that preceded the PRT.

 

Acerca del significado de algunos de los términos empleados en los documentos relativos a la revolución tupacamarista, 1780-1783

    Jan Szemiński (Varsovia)

In line with his previous publications, Szeminski argues that the information from historic sources describing the 1780's in Peru suggest that there were at least 4 dimensions of the indigenous concept of social hierarchy. Those dimension relate to the concept of casts, land ownership, cultures (ethnic) and social classes. The article recounts and analyses the linguistic evidence from a vast number of historical accounts and primary sources dealing with the Tupac Amaru II revolution.

 
Tadeo Haenke y la guerra de la Independencia

    Josef V. Polisensky (Praga)

Thaddäus Peregrinus Haenke, a man of German-Czech origin, was one of the first explorers and scholars to become interested in Latin American studies. He played a great role in spearheading the scientific study of Southern American geography and nature. Much less often his journeys and presence in Latin America are analysed in relation to the processes that brought an end to Spanish colonialism. Haenke, whose scientific explorations were inspired by the Enlightenment, but was subject of Spanish monarchy died in 1816, while the Argentinian War of Independence was still going on. The article attempts to reconstructs Haenke's attitude towards the independence war.

 
La experiencia del Pacto Andino en regular la inversión extranjera y los flujos de tecnología: un paso adelante, dos atras

    Rubén Berríos (Varsovia)

This 1981 article is deals with the realities brought about by the introduction of the Foreign Investment and Technology Transfer in the Andean Pact (Pacto Andino). This custom union was a very important step toward integration of political and economic spaces in the Andean region. This partially included common policies aiming at facilitating technoloical developments and foreign investments. A number of regulations have been issued to address these two aspects of Andean economy such as Decisión 24 (dealing with the Foreign Investment and foreign based technologies) and Decisión 84 (setting subregional and local technology development policies).

 
 
Polonia y América Latina

La recepción en Polonia de los acontecimientos nicaragüenses de agosto-septiembre de 1978

    Carlos E. González Tejera (Varsovia)

Ideas de Ignacy Domeyko

    Ryszard Schnepf (Varsovia)

Las asociaciones polacas en Misiones, 1898-1938

    Danuta Łukasz (Varsovia)

Polémicas

Los enclaves de exportación y la agricultura alimenticia en el Perú de los años 1890-1920. (A propósito de las tesis de R. Thorp y G. Bertram)
    Henryk Szlajfer (Varsovia)

 

Reseñas

    La política exterior de los Estados de América Latina (trabajo colectivo bajo la redacción de Zbigniew Dobosiewicz)

    Robert Mroziewicz (Varsovia)

    El ejército y la sociedad en el Tercer Mundo (selección e introducción de Ryszard Stemplowski

    Jan Kieniewicz (Varsovia)

    Jan Pachoński: Los polacos en las Antillas y en el mar Caribe

    Krzysztof Smolana (Varsovia)

    Ryszard Żukowski: La inflación en los países poco de sarrollados económicamente

    Henryk Szlajfer (Varsovia)

    Notas bibliográficas.

    Bibliografía de «Estudios Latinoamericanos», T. 1-5

 

Miscelánea

    La sesión científica de la Sociedad Polaca de Estudios Latinoamericanistas. La situación de las investigaciones latino-americanistas polacas

    Tadeusz Miłkowski

    Ecólogos polacos en el programa de contención y drenaje de las aguas en los llanos venezolanos

    Kazimierz Petrusewicz (Varsovia),   Kazimierz Albin Dobrowolski (Varsovia), Jan Pinowski (Varsovia)