Estudios Latinoamericanos vol. 2 (1974)

 

CARÁTULAS

 
Artículos y estudios

La insurrección de Tupac Amaru II: ¿guerra de independencia o revolución?

    Jan Szemiński (Varsovia)

Abstract/description:

The uprising of Tupac Amaru II was a key historic event that took place between 1780 and 1782. The uprising aimed to defend citizens' rights, establish Peruvian independence and, last but not least, protect the identity of the Inca and other indigenous groups. These three different dimensions translate to three different visions of the uprising. This tri-partition was a product of social division. The article describes the social groups' situation in Peru prior to the uprising. The importance of indigenous traditions and ideologies to the rebellion is noted. Initial developments are summarized. The author analyses the relationship between struggle for independence and struggle against oppression as characteristic of this rebellion. An increase in policies discriminating against indigenous elites and cultures is said to occur as backlash against the insurrection.
The article contains an annex "Sentencia expedida contra Tupac Amaru."

English abstract/description written by Michał Gilewski

 

The Ras Tafari Movement - its Genesis and Functions

    Ewa Nowicka (Varsovia)

Abstract/description:

This article is an early analysis of the then nascent Ras Tafari movement. The movement is described as both religious and political. A short historical overview of the movement's development is presented along with a brief biography of Marcus Garvey, its most important figure. It also summarizes early Rastafari ideas related with emigration to Africa. The emergence of Rastafarian ideas is explained using a psychological approach to social movements; Rastafarianism is suggested to be a manifestation of protest against the living conditions in Jamaica.

English abstract/description written by Michał Gilewski

 

Tendencias conservadoras y revolucionarias indígenas

    Aleksander Posern-Zieliński (Poznań)

Abstract/Description:

Indigenous social movements originated as a means of opposing colonization and Christianization. The intensity of this phenomenon has significantly increased in the 19th Century when colonialism peaked. Posern-Zieliński selected three examples of such movements: the Venezuelan eschatological-fatalist Yaruro movement, the millennialist-prophetic Tukana movement from Brasil and the syncretic-evangelic cults from Argentina. These three movements are used to analyze the role of such movements in societal change and conservation.
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English abstract/description written by Michał Gilewski

 

El café y la revolución en los valles andinos del sur del Perú

    Zbigniew Marcin Kowalewski (Łódź)

 Abstract/Description:

The article studies social relationships in the valley of La Conveción, Peru. It focuses on the relation between coffee production in this municipality and the emergence of revolutionary leftists groups. Coffee production saw great increases after WW2. The article describes the social hierarchy in coffee-producing agricultural units and its relation to the Revolutionary Workers Party (Partido Obrero Revolucionario, POR) and the beginnings of Peruvian political activist Hugo Blanco. Blanco led a peasant rebellion in the region of la Convencion and the article analyses the importance of this event.

English abstract/description written by Michał Gilewski

 

Polonia y América Latina

La Polonia de los coroneles y el México de Cárdenas (1934 -1939)

    Tadeusz Łepkowski (Varsovia)

Abstract/description:

Emergence of the Second Polish Republic in 1918 correlates well with the emergence of post-revolution Mexican state. Different aspects of the relationship between these two countries are analyzed. Both immediately established a political relationship and engaged in economical and cultural exchange. A number of Polish citizens emigrated to Mexico. At the end of interwar period Poland turned into an authoritarian regime related to the "Sanacja" movement ("Colonels' Poland"), while Mexico was governed by General Cardenas. The portrayals of Mexico in Polish press were focused on social issues and anti-clericalism of Cardenas, while Mexican press discussed Poland in relation to international politics.

English abstract/description written by Michał Gilewski

 

Discusiones - Polémicas - Reseñas

En torno a la antropología de la guerrilla

    Aleksander Posern-Zieliński (Poznań), Zbigniew Marcin Kowalewski (Łódź)

 

Fuentes

Fuentes relativas a la historia del Ecuador, Perú, Bolivia y Paraguay en los archivos de Polonia

    Jan Szemiński

Paraguay después de la guerra del Chaco

    (Introducción y notas de M. Kula)
    

Libros, libros, libros...

    Krzysztof Groniowski: A emigração polonesa por motivos econômicos, no Brasil, nos anos 1871 –1914

    (Witold Pruss – Varsovia)

    Marcin Kula: Inicíos da escravidão negra no Brasil. Ciclo da economia da cana de açucar nos séculos XVI – XVII
    (Maria Bogucka – Varsovia)
    Tadeusz Łepkowski: Dos biografías americanas. Bolívar y Juarez

    (Jerzy W. Borejsza – Varsovia)
    Józefa Radzymińska: El Aguila Blanca a orillas de La Plata
    (Ryszard Stemplowski – Varsovia)
    Waldemar Rómmel: América Latina - «tierra caliente»
    (Krzysztof Smolana – Varsovia)
    Waldemar Rómmel: Argentyna

    (Ryszard Stemplowski – Varsovia)

    Notas bibliográficas

 

Crónica

    Comemorações do centenário da emigração polonesa para o Brasil

    (Izabela Klarner – Varsovia)
    IV Seminario Etnográfico de Americanistas

    (Antoni Macierewicz – Varsovia)

    América Latina en los siglos XIX y XX.

    (Jan Szemiński – Varsovia)

    Exposición: La cultura de los indios en las colecciones no museales polacas.

    (Roma Mańkowska, Andrzej Krzanowski- Carcovia))
    Simposio sobre la cultura de los indios

    (Roma Mańkowska, Andrzej Krzanowski - Cracovia)
    Simposio consagrado a la agricultura tradicional de América Latina

    (Andrzej M. Żeromski – Varsovia))

    Tesis doctorales relacionadas con América Latina defendidas en Polonia.

Abstract/description:

The uprising of Tupac Amaru II was a key historic event that took place between 1780 and 1782. The uprising aimed to defend citizens’ rights, establish Peruvian independence and, last but not least, protect the identity of the Inca and other indigenous groups. These three different dimensions translate to three different visions of the uprising. This tri-partition was a product of social division. The article describes the social groups’ situation in Peru prior to the uprising. The importance of indigenous traditions and ideologies to the rebellion is noted. Initial developments are summarized. The author analyses the relationship between struggle for independence and struggle against oppression as characteristic of this rebellion. An increase in policies discriminating against indigenous elites and cultures is said to occur as backlash against the insurrection.

The article contains an annex “Sentencia expedida contra Tupac Amaru.

English abstract/description written by Michał Gilewski