Estudios Latinoamericanos vol. 27 (2007)

CARÁTULAS

CONTENIDO

Los indígenas andinos peruanos y su camino desde la marginalización clasista hasta el activismo étnico
Aleksander Posern-Zieliński

Short description:

The article relates the development of activism in indigenous Andean communities in Peru. Since the 90’s, the presence of the new type of leadership in indigenous communities, indigenous activists, has resulted in stopping the process of disintegration of their communities. Posern-Zieliński portrays the historical factors important in the indigenous movement. There were many threats - from the early XX century nationalism that opposed indigenous culture, to the internal violence in 80’s Peru that was a great threat to indigenous communities. This led to the development of the movement from rural, “campesinos”, movement that now has become much more powerful. In the end, indigenous identity is being reborn and some even speak about the reindianization of Peru.

Short description written by Michał Gilewski

 

Movimiento de la mujer ea el contexto mestizo e indígena en el Ecuador de los años 9o del siglo XX
Magdalena Sniadecka-Kotarska

Short description:

The article describes the role of women’s organizations in Ecuador in the 90’s in relation to the indigenous and mestizo cultures. The last decade of the 20th century saw a tremendous rise in the number of women’s organizations. The women’s organizations can be of various types: informal, religious, government, non-governmental and indigenous. This also relates to the different backgrounds that women’s organization activists have – they can come from different classes, have different educations and different identities. All this results in the diversity of their actions, functions and aims.

Short description by Michał Gilewski

 

The Remo Denominatíon. An Inquiry into the Ethnohistory of the Ucayali Basin
Łukasz Krokoszyński

Short description:

The article is dedicated to the uses of the term Remo on the Ucayali. Its goal is to present all historical data available. It includes historical accounts of the groups called the Remos, oral traditions of groups connected with Remos and information on social organizations of related Panoan groups. By comparing data on the past presented by contemporary Panoan groups and their conceptions of identity, the author hopes to indicate a possibility of another view on the native social reality.

Short description written by Michał Gilewski

 

Élites aparentes. Sociedades de tipo simple en el mundo contemporáneo. Maestros y líderes de las organizaciones indígenas entre los E'ñepá y Matsigenka
Tarzycjusz Buliński, Mariusz Kairski

Short description:

The article relates the results of two field projects conducted by the authors in 2002-2003 and 2006-2007. The article investigates indigenous teachers, leaders of indigenous organizations and chiefs of native communities, in two groups from Amazonia. The article covers two different groups: Eñepa from Cuchivero from Venezuela and Matsigenka del Rio Urubamba in Peru. The observations about these “elites” in each those groups are compared against each other, and against western concepts of elites. The comparison implies a significant relation to the history of contacts with external societal factors and current economic conditions of those two groups.

Short description written by Michał Gilewski

 

Perspectivismo, amor y agarras. Sentimientos, transfomtaciones y ethos en el cuento de Jerinti, del folclore matsigenka
Kacper Świerk

English title and description by autor:
Perspectivism, Love and Cicadas: Feelings, Transformations and Ethos in the Jerinti Tale from Matsigenka Folklore

The aim of this paper is an analysis of certain tale of the Matsigenka Indians from the Peruvian Amazon in the light of Amerindian perspectivism as defined by Eduardo Viveiros de Castro. The Jerinti tale (a story about a woman which fell in love with cicada) is also presented in context of ethos and values of interpersonal relations/ social life / reciprocity typical of the Matsigenka and compared with other Amazonian myths abouth shift of perspective/point of view. Emphasis is put on moral and emotional dimensions of the tale.

 

Regional Socio-Political Changes and Amazonian Indigenous Peoples. New Social Spaces of the Manchinery Youth
Pirjo Kristiina Virtanen

From introduction:

In my article l discuss how recent regional socio-political changes in Brazilian ”Amazon have opened new social spaces for the Amazonian indigenous youth, and a possibility to acquire symbolic capital. l have studied young generation of the Manchinery, who live in the state of Acre, Brazil. This topic has been in center of my Ph.D. thesis tailored as a comparative study of worldviews and social actions of the Manchinery youth, between
14 and 24 years of age, in two different contexts, in the indigenous territory and the capital of Acre, Rio Brando. In cities the encounter of new beliefs, habits, technology, and social realities is different than in indigenous territories, where the new ideas are expressed through the state health services, environmental agencies and education politics of the state (…)

Adapted from introductory paragraph

 

Situación actual de los Quichua del Napo y Curaray (Perú)
Iwona Stoińska-Kairska

Short description:

The article desrcibes the situations of the Quichua population of the Napo-Curaray river region, Loreto province, Peru. This is based on 2004 and 2005 field research conducted in 38 communities whose aim was to create a conservation plan for local indigenous communities. The article presents an extensive overview of the economic, educational and other important socio-cultural factors (like the presence of the non-indigenous outsiders) that shape, influence and threaten the local ways of life.

Short description by Michał Gilewski