Estudios Latinoamericanos vol. 26 (2006)

CARÁTULAS

CONTENIDO

A desnaturalizacáo da natureza - esboco de uma teoria ameríndia
Gilton Mendes dos Santos

The article describes the Amerindian concept of nature.
(Description work in progress)

 

Entre la forma y el sonido. Silbatos de la cultura Nascas
Anna Gruszczyńska-Ziółkowska

Short description:

The article describes the archaeological finds of whistles in Nazca cultures. It contains a brief analysis of acoustic properties of 12 such instruments. Due to the similar dimensions and constructions the whistles had similar acoustic characteristics. This is supplemented by observations on the variety of forms of the whistles. The whistles through form and decoration resembled felines and killer whales – animals that appear to have been important in Nazca beliefs.

Short description written by Michał Gilewski

 

Folk midwifery in change. The case the Tarascan Indians' Region
Anna H. Wądołowska

Short description:

The article relates to the role of folk midwifery in social processes among indigenous communities in Michoacán. In the 1970s the Mexican government decided to include practitioners of traditional medicine as assistants in public clinics. The intention was to facilitate acceptance of western medicine among the indigenous population. The article describes the practice of integrating traditional healers and midwifes in Michoacán, and the indigenous peoples’ and doctors’ opinions on it.

Short description written by Michal Gilewski

 

Bolivia en la encrucijada. El papel del movimiento indígena en el debate sobre la "bolivianidad"
Gaja Makaran

Short description:

The article describes the role of indigenous movements in the debate on the Bolivian identity. The recent political developments led to situation which is popularly referred to as “Bolivia at the Crossroads”. Discrepancies exist between some old visions of Bolivia as a culturally and ethnically homogenous state, and the vision of the indigenous movement, that has recently become politicized began to fight for the rights of the indigenous majority.

Short description written by Michał Gilewski

 

Escenarios posibles para las lenguas y culturas indígenas en el siglo XXI, ante la aparición de la nueva carta magna en 1999
Arelis Barbella I

Short description:

The article describes the problems of preservation of indigenous languages and cultures in relation to the introduction of a new constitution in Venezuela in 1999. The author provides a short historic overview of the process of dying out of languages and cultures. He then describes the role and possible outcomes of new legal solutions introduced in the 8th chapter of 1999 Venezuelan constitution dedicated to the right of the Indigenous nations.

Short descriptions written by Michał Gilewski

 

Causas de la participacion de la mujer en la guerrilla de América Latina
Magdalena Śniadecka-Kotarska

Short description:

The article studies what is causing women to join guerillas in Latin America. The participation of women in such militant groups started with the leftist guerillas of the second half of the 20th century. The article describes different backgrounds and different reasons for the women to join armed struggle groups. It also describes how women functioned in the social, ideological and biological dimensions of guerillas. Śniadecka-Kotarska suggests that, although the guerilla movement failed to achieve its goals of socio-political transformation of Latin American societies, it made an important contribution to the emancipation of women in these societies.

Short description written by Michał Gilewski

 

John Victor Murra (24 de agosto 1916 - 16 de octubre 2006)
Jan Szemiński