Estudios Latinoamericanos vol. 24 (2004)

Majority of articles in this volume, are papers presented from "IV Congreso Europeo CEISAL de Latinoamericanistas - Desafíos sociales en América Latina del siglo XXl" that took place between 4 and 7 July in Bratislava (Slovakia). The papers were presented during symposium "Los retos de la etnicidad en la época de globalización" that was organized by Milka Lucie Castro (Universidad de Chile) with help of Claudia Rojas Verugas (Universidad de Chile) and Aleksander Posem-Zieliński (Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań). Number of papers from this symposium is also included in the next volume.

 

CARÁTULAS

CONTENIDO

¿Qué es lo específico de lo étnico? Un ensayo de defiinición.
Maya Lorena Pérez Ruiz

The article is describes the problems of ethnicity in relation to the ethnic groups in Mexico.

 

Violencias extremas y etnicidad.
Ámantina Osorio

Short description:

The article explores the relationship of violence and conflicts with questions of ethnicity.
It discusses several types of violence that occur during conflicts. Osorio’s considerations are devoted to understanding why individuals and collectives commit acts of rape, genocide and ethnic cleansing.

Short description by Michal Gilewski

 

Problemas para el Reconocimiento del Pluralismo Legal en América Latina.
Wolfang Gabbert

Short description:

The article is dedicated to the problem of traditional legal systems in the indigenous communities of Latin America, for example those in the Highlands of Mexico. These legal systems do not always originate from the pre-Hispanic period and on many occasions are more recent than national laws. They frequently cover same issues as the national legal system, which brings about the problem of overlapping legal traditions. The author explores if and how these two systems can co-exist together.

Short description written by Michal Gilewski

 

Las etnias centroamericanas durante la segunda mitad del siglo XX.
Francisco Lizcano Fernández

Short description:

This article is dedicated to the demographic levels and distribution of Central American ethnic groups: indigenous, mestizos, mulattos, creoles, garifunas and Asians. The study includes 7 countries: Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama. Emphasis is placed on the Caribbean region of these countries, where ethnic diversity is the greatest.

Short description translated and adapted from the text by Michał Gilewski

 

Identidad étnica y la relación de los pueblos indígenas con el Estado mexicano.
Miguel Angel Sámano Rentería

Short description:

Sámano Rentería’s paper describes the problems of ethnic identity and indigenous groups’ relation with the Mexican state. It describes the concepts of identity and culture. It focuses on the rights of indigenous groups and the role of related state policies in Mexico. Rentería suggests that Mexico must abandon the idea that it has to be a single, homogenous nation and instead should promote politics of plural ethnicities and multiculturalism.

Short description written by Michał Gilewski

 

Multiculturalidad y derechos humanos: Aportes de las mujeres indígenas en Mexico.
Laura R. Valladares de la Cruz

Short description:

The article is dedicated to the study of women’s role in the process of promoting human rights among members of indigenous communities. The author describes the project “Voces Diferentes y Voces Discordantes” [Different and Discordant Voices]. A number of indigenous women were taught about human rights problems, then they used the knowledge and skills to promote human rights through a number of workshops for the indigenous populations.

Short description by Michal Gilewski

 

De la Barranca a las Montañas: Haimatsie un acercamiento al nuevo siglo.
Blanca Alicia Bojórquez Martínez, Karina Velasco González

Short description:

The article describes recent developments among the Huichol community called Haimatsie (place among the clouds) in the Huichol montains. The article describes the Huichol and describes their socio-cultural background. It describes the history of a program of introducing basic education into their communities, based on the example of a school called Colonia Haimatsie that was built in 1994.

 

Desafíos de las políticas interculturales en Chile: derechos indígenas y el desarrollo socioeconómico.
Milka Castro Lucic

In this paper author analyzes de relation between the indigenous peoples and the institutions of the state, especially in the period of military dictatorship in Chile, dedicating special attention to the revival of the indigenous groups, what they expect basing on their legal rights, and what they encounter in practice.

Fragment translated and Adapted from Spanish text by Michal Gilewski

 

Iniciativas contra-hegemónicas de povos indígenas no Amazonas, Brasil.
Lino Joao de Oliveira Neves

The article is dedicated to study of indigenous movements in the state of Amazonas in Brazil.

 

Conquista do Paladar: as Kaingang e os Guarani para além das cidadelas cristas.
Marta Amoroso

The article relates to the missionary activity of the Catholic Church among indigenous groups in Brazil.

 

Mobilidade, Pessoa e Vida Breve: revisitando o tema da terra sem mal a partir de uma etnografia atual entre grupos mbya no sudeste do Brasil.
Elizabeth Pissolato

The study is dedicated to the Guarani Indians.

 

As Xavantadas enquanto Performance
Estevao Rafael Fernandes

The article discusses problems of the Xavante people that live in Mato Grosso, Brazil.