Estudios Latinoamericanos vol. 21 (2001)



Etnias y naciones. La construcción civilizatoria en América Latina.
Miguel Alberto Bartolomé

The article describes multiple dimensions of anthropological analyses of ethnicity in Latin America. There are many ethnic groups in Latin America, which stands out in contrast with the ideas of single nation based states that are culturally and politically homogenous. Here ethnic or indigenous groups, nations and even municipal identity based groups may designate different and separate collectives.

Short description written by Michal Gilewski


Política y retórica de la pluriculturalidad en el Ecuador.
Aleksander Posern-Zieliński

Short Description:

The article presents a portion of observations made in 1990’s in Ecuador by the team of researchers lead by Posern-Zieliński. The research focused on the emergence of new identities in Ecuador, with particular interest in the indigenous groups’ identities. The article introduces the demographics of Ecuador, and a short history of political projects related with multiculturalism.


Territórios indígenas no Brasil: aspectos jurídicos e socioculturais.
Rinaldo Arruda

The article describes the lands of the indigenous in Brasil, in particular their legal and socio-cultural aspects.


La resistencia étnica entre los Bakairí (Karib).
Edir Pina de Barros

Short description:
The Bakairí are one of Brazil's indigenous groups which speak the Karib language. Major changes occurred in their lives in the last century and only their social flexibility and political adaptability allowed them to survive in a culturally, socially and economically hostile environment. This article dedicates special attention to the ways in which they manage to keep their own socio-cultural hierarchy and history and continue to exist among other peoples, while maintaining their distinct ethnicity.

Short description translated and adapted from the text by Michal Gilewski


Los Yaminawa, antes y después de capaz. Contacto, guerra e identidad indígena en el sudoeste amazónico.
Oscar Calavia Saez

Short description:
The article describes the results of the research conducted by Calavia Sáez in Área Indígena Cabaceiras do Rio Acre in Brasil near the Peruvian border. It describes the concepts of warfare and identity which came to existence as a result of contact with non-indigenous groups.


Historia, organización y evolución de la población yanomami.
Jacques Lizot

Lizot’s paper is Spanish language version of article published in L’Homme. Revue d’Anthropologie, T. XXIV. No 2. pp. 5-40. Avril-juin 1984


Desarrollo del movimiento femenino en el Ecuador hasta los años 1980.
Magdalena Śniadecka-Kotarska

Short description:

The article is based on series of ethnographic interviews with Ecuadorian women that took place between 1997 and 2001. The informants where asked about their opinions on the development of the women’s rights movement. The accounts by the informants were used to present a historical overview from the female perspective. It relates with developments of the 40’s, 60’s, 70’s and 80’s. In 1989 significant new law changes toward equal rights of women were introduced, but it is suggested that they failed to introduce truly equal treatment as a common practice.


Ona legends, tales, etc., an unpublished manuscript by E. Lucas Bridges from the manuscript remains of Martin Gusinde SVD.
Piotr Klafkowski

The paper is a publication of unpublished text by E. Lucas Bridges about Indigenous Fuegians. It has been published earlier in Breizb ba Poblou Europa (Bretagne
et Peoples d'Europe (Brittany and the Peoples of Europe, Pennadou an enor da/ Melanges en l’honneur de / articles to honor Per Denez, ed. Herve ar Bihan, published by Hor Yezh, Rennes 1999, pp. 427-441). 


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