Estudios Latinoamericanos vol. 7 (1980)

 

CARÁTULAS

 
Artículos y estudios

La ordenanza de Felipe II del año 1573 y la construcción de ciudades coloniales españolas en la América

    Andrzej Wyrobisz (Varsovia)

Abstract/short description:

The earliest European settlement in the New World, the Spanish fort Navidad, was built on orders of Cristobal Colon in the 15th Century. In 1519 Veracruz was built was built on Mexican shores. The number of newly founded settlements and cities grew quickly. Some of them were built on top of pre-Columbian settlements, but much of the spatial planning was influenced by Spanish practices. The Importance of ancient European authors like Vitruvius can be seen for example in the Mexico DF. Such urban planning theories were formally embedded into urban planning and urban rights establishment by the crucial Decree of Felipe II of 13th of July, 1573. The document influenced Spanish urban planning until the end of the Spanish rule.

English abstract/description written by Michał Gilewski

 

El rol de la inmigración alemana en el proceso de formación de la nación chilena

    Gerardo Ojeda Ebert (Varsovia)

Abstract/short description:

The article describes the role of German immigrants in the formation of the Chilean nation in the 19th Century. The processes and problems related to Chile's emergence are of great complexity. The role of German immigrants was also very complex and important. According to Ebert they had great influence on economic, socio-political and military organization, and as well as on shaping of democratic institutions of the state. The presence of Germans in the late 19th Century also facilitated international relations, as it resulted in improved relations with the newly united Germany, which had official policies supporting foreign based Germans.

English abstract/description written by Michał Gilewski

 

A imigração alemãno Brasil à luz dos relatórios dos cônsules do Império Alemão no início do século XX

    Ewa Anuszewska (Varsovia)

Ewa Anuszewska's article relates the problems of the German minority in Brazil and their influence on the German-Brazilian relations in the beginning of the 20th Century.

 

 
Los obreros húngaros emigrados en América Latina entre las dos guerras mundiales

    Ilona Varga (Szeged)

Abstract/short description:

Great numbers of Hungarian workers emigrated to Latin American countries between 1880's and 1928. The immigrants preferred to settle in the most important cities like Buenos Aires or Sao Paolo. The first associations of the Hungarians date to the period of the Austro-Hungarian empire. After the Fall of the Soviet Republic of Hungary, a number of immigrant Labor organizations emerged, with such groups being founded in Brazil (Hungarian Republican Circle of Brazil), Uruguay (Sociedad Obrera de Habla Húngara en Uruguay (Uruguayi Magyarajku Munkások Egyesülete, UMME). The UMME was also active during the period 1936-1944; after 1941 it initiated the antifascist movement called For Free Hungary (Szabad Magyar Mozgalom).

English abstract/description written by Michał Gilewski

 

 
La imagen de la revolución peruana en las declaraciones oficiales del gobierno militar

    Małgorzata Nalewajko (Varsovia)

Abstract/short description:

On the 3rd of October of 1968 the Armed Forces of the Peru (Fuerzas Armadas del Perú) initiated the process referred to as "Revolucíon". As Nalewajko notes this term is used according to its military understanding, but is still a 'true' revolution. The changes were against traditional power structures and aimed at benefitting the majority. Nalewajko's also recounts the official propaganda of the military government, which has an obvious positive bias.

English abstract/description written by Michał Gilewski

 

Polonia y América Latina

Relações comerciais polono-brasileiras 1919-1939

    Magdalena Stalpińska (Varsovia)

 

Problemas - Discusiones - Polémicas

Clases sociales y partidos políticos de la República de Chile
    Gerardo Ojeda Ebert (Varsovia)
    

Reseñas

    Ryszard Schnepf, Krzysztof Smolana: Bibliografía de la literatura latinoamericanista polaca 1945-1977

    (W. Chojnacki - Varsovia)

    Los inmigrantes polacos en el Brasil durante la segunda guerra mundial. Selección de documentos. Introducción y notas de Ryszard Stemplowski

    (M. Krasicki — Varsovia)

    Teresa Gilas: Los movimientos independentistas en Cuba 1868-1898

    (T. Knothe —  Varsovia)

    Zbigniew Marcin Kowalewski: La guerrilla latinoamericana. Esbozos de la historia de las luchas revolucionarias de la guerrilla del siglo XX

    (W. Giełżyński — Varsovia)

    Krzysztof Rómmel. Waldemar Rómmel: Los restos de colonialismo en América Latina

    (W. Mazurczak — Poznań)

    Notas bibliográficas

 

Fuentes

Recenseamento da população polonesa no Brasil 1934-1938

    (introdução e notas de K. Smolana)

Emigração dos trabalhadores agrários polonêses para São Paulo

    (Introdução e notas de M.A. Ignatowicz)

A colonização polonesa no Brasil nos meados dos anos trinta do século XX

    (Introducão e notas de E. Anuszewska)

 

Miscelánea

Abel Luna: Yawar Waqaq

   (Introducción, notas y traducción de M. Nalewajko, J. Szemiński)

Crónica